Physical strength and skilfulness of small children in opening drug and chemical containersReport as inadecuate




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Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, Vol.21 No.4 March 1971. -

The closures of drug and chemical vials are safe from misuse by children if the locking power or seals has to exceed the manual traction and torsion power of a child-s hand and if the sealing device has to provide for trigger-points in distances large enough to exceed the spread of a child-s hands. The authors have conducted tests in 2-12 children to establish their manual traction and torsion power. The results are given in tables. The maximal traction and holding power of children 2-5 years old on knob or disc-shaped handles of 4-30 mm diameter were 1-3,5 Kp and approximate maximum of the angular momentum on handles between 2-68 mm were 20-100 mp.



Author: R. Gädeke - ; Department of Peditrics, Poisoning Informattion Center, University of Freiburgl-Br.

Source: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



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