Nuclear Multidrug Resistance-Related Protein 1 Is Highly Associated with Better Prognosis of Human Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma through the Suppression of Cell Proliferation, Migration and InvasionReport as inadecuate




Nuclear Multidrug Resistance-Related Protein 1 Is Highly Associated with Better Prognosis of Human Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma through the Suppression of Cell Proliferation, Migration and Invasion - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Objectives

Multidrug resistance-related protein 1 MRP1 overexpression is a well acknowledged predictor of poor response to chemotherapy, but MRP1 also correlated to better prognosis in some reports, especially for patients not pretreated with chemotherapy. In our previous study, we found nuclear translocation of MRP1 in mucoepidermoid carcinoma MEC for the first time. The purpose of this study was to further investigate the function of nuclear MRP1 in MEC.

Materials and Methods

Human MEC tissue samples of 125 patients were selected and stained using immunohistochemistry. The expression level of total MRP1-nuclear MRP1 of each sample was evaluated by expression index EI which was scored using both qualitative and quantitative analysis. The correlations between the clinicopathologic parameters and the EI of nuclear MRP1 were analyzed using Spearman’s rank correlation analysis, respectively. The effects of RNAi-mediated downregulation of nuclear MRP1 on MEC cells were assessed using flow cytometric analysis, MTT assay, plate colony formation assay, transwell invasion assay and monolayer wound healing assay.

Results

In this study, we found the EI of nuclear MRP1 was negatively correlated to the pathologic grading r = -0.498, P<0.01 - clinical staging r = -0.41, P<0.01 - tumor stage r = -0.28, P = 0.02 - nodal stage r = -0.29, P<0.01 of MEC patients. The RNAi-mediated downregulation of nuclear MRP1 further proved that the downregulation of nuclear MRP1 could increase the cell replication, growth speed, colony formation efficiency, migration and invasion ability of MEC cells.

Conclusion

Our results suggested that nuclear MRP1 is highly associated with better prognosis of human mucoepidermoid carcinoma and further study of its function mechanism would provide clues in developing new treatment modalities of MEC.



Author: Bo-Lei Cai , Yan Li , Liang-Liang Shen, Jin-Long Zhao, Yuan Liu, Jun-Zheng Wu, Yan-Pu Liu , Bo Yu

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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