Life Satisfaction and Morbidity among Postmenopausal WomenReport as inadecuate




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Objective

To investigate associations between morbidity and global life satisfaction in postmenopausal women taking into account type and number of diseases.

Materials and Methods

A total of 11,084 women age range 57–66 years from a population-based cohort of Finnish women OSTPRE Study responded to a postal enquiry in 1999. Life satisfaction was measured with a 4-item scale. Self-reported diseases diagnosed by a physician and categorized according to ICD-10 main classes were used as a measure of morbidity. Enquiry data on health and lifestyle were used as covariates in the multivariate logistic models.

Results

Morbidity was strongly associated with life dissatisfaction. Every additional disease increased the risk of life dissatisfaction by 21.1% p < .001. The risk of dissatisfaction was strongest among women with mental disorders OR = 5.26; 95%CI 3.84–7.20 and neurological disorders OR = 3.62; 95%CI 2.60–5.02 compared to the healthy each p < .001. Smoking, physical inactivity and marital status were also associated with life dissatisfaction each p < .001 but their introduction to the multivariate model did not attenuate the pattern of associations.

Conclusions

Morbidity and life dissatisfaction have a disease-specific and dose-dependent relationship. Even if women with mental and neurological disorders have the highest risk for life dissatisfaction, monitoring life satisfaction among aging women regardless of disorders should be undertaken in order to intervene the joint adverse effects of poor health and poor well-being.



Author: Pyry S. Lukkala , Risto J. Honkanen, Päivi H. Rauma, Lana J. Williams, Shae E. Quirk, Heikki Kröger, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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