Increased Risk of Herpes Zoster in Diabetic Patients Comorbid with Coronary Artery Disease and Microvascular Disorders: A Population-Based Study in TaiwanReport as inadecuate




Increased Risk of Herpes Zoster in Diabetic Patients Comorbid with Coronary Artery Disease and Microvascular Disorders: A Population-Based Study in Taiwan - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

We investigated the association between the risk of herpes zoster HZ and diabetes-related macrovascular comorbidities and microvascular disorders in diabetic patients. This retrospective study included 25,345 patients with newly identified HZ and age- and gender-matched controls retrieved from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan during the period of 2005 to 2011. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to calculate the odds ratios OR and to assess the risk factors for HZ in diabetic patients with associated macrovascular or microvascular disorders. Risk factors for HZ were significantly increased in cases of diabetes mellitus DM compared with those in cases of non-DM controls 20.2% vs. 17.0%, OR = 1.24, p<0.001. Results of age- and gender-adjusted analyses demonstrated a significantly higher risk of HZ in DM patients with accompanying coronary artery disease CAD adjusted OR = 1.21, p<0.001 and microvascular disorders aOR = 1.32, p<0.001 than in DM patients with other comorbidities but no microvascular disorders. Patients who took thiazolidinedione, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors and insulin had a higher HZ risk than those taking metformin or sulphonylureas alone aOR = 1.11, 1.14 and 1.18, p<0.001, respectively. Patients who took insulin alone or in combination with other antidiabetic agents had a significantly higher risk of HZ aOR = 1.25, p<0.001 than those who received monotherapy. Diabetic patients comorbid with coronary artery disease and associated microvascular disorders had an increased risk of HZ occurrence.



Author: Chi-Chen Ke, Hui-Chin Lai, Ching-Heng Lin, Chih-Jen Hung, Der-Yuan Chen, Wayne H-H. Sheu, Ping-Wing Lui

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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