Psychiatric Status across Body Mass Index in a Mediterranean Spanish PopulationReport as inadecuate




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Background

Mental and body weight disorders are among the major global health challenges, and their comorbidity may play an important role in treatment and prevention of both pathologies. A growing number of studies have examined the relationship between psychiatric status and body weight, but our knowledge is still limited.

Objective

The present study aims to investigate the cross-sectional relationships of psychiatric status and body mass index BMI in Málaga, a Mediterranean city in the South of Spain.

Materials and Methods

A total of 563 participants were recruited from those who came to his primary care physician, using a systematic random sampling, non-proportional stratified by BMI categories. Structured clinical interviews were used to assess current Axes-I and II mental disorders according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision DSM-IV-TR. BMI was calculated as weight Kg divided by square of height in meters m2. Logistic regression was used to investigate the association between BMI and the presence of any mental disorder. BMI was introduced in the models using restricted cubic splines.

Results

We found that high BMI values were directly associated with mood and adjustment disorders, and low BMI values were directly associated with avoidant and dependent personality disorders PDs. We observed an inverse relationship between low BMI values and cluster A PDs. There were not significant relationships between anxiety or substance-related disorders and BMI.

Conclusion

Psychiatric status and BMI are related in a Mediterranean Spanish population. A multidisciplinary approach to both pathologies becomes increasingly more necessary.



Author: Mario Gutiérrez-Bedmar , Elena Villalobos Martínez, Antonio García-Rodríguez, Carlos Muñoz-Bravo, Alberto Mariscal

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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