Genome-Wide Association Study for Incident Myocardial Infarction and Coronary Heart Disease in Prospective Cohort Studies: The CHARGE ConsortiumReport as inadecuate




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Background

Data are limited on genome-wide association studies GWAS for incident coronary heart disease CHD. Moreover, it is not known whether genetic variants identified to date also associate with risk of CHD in a prospective setting.

Methods

We performed a two-stage GWAS analysis of incident myocardial infarction MI and CHD in a total of 64,297 individuals including 3898 MI cases, 5465 CHD cases. SNPs that passed an arbitrary threshold of 5×10−6 in Stage I were taken to Stage II for further discovery. Furthermore, in an analysis of prognosis, we studied whether known SNPs from former GWAS were associated with total mortality in individuals who experienced MI during follow-up.

Results

In Stage I 15 loci passed the threshold of 5×10−6; 8 loci for MI and 8 loci for CHD, for which one locus overlapped and none were reported in previous GWAS meta-analyses. We took 60 SNPs representing these 15 loci to Stage II of discovery. Four SNPs near QKI showed nominally significant association with MI p-value<8.8×10−3 and three exceeded the genome-wide significance threshold when Stage I and Stage II results were combined top SNP rs6941513: p = 6.2×10−9. Despite excellent power, the 9p21 locus SNP rs1333049 was only modestly associated with MI HR = 1.09, p-value = 0.02 and marginally with CHD HR = 1.06, p-value = 0.08. Among an inception cohort of those who experienced MI during follow-up, the risk allele of rs1333049 was associated with a decreased risk of subsequent mortality HR = 0.90, p-value = 3.2×10−3.

Conclusions

QKI represents a novel locus that may serve as a predictor of incident CHD in prospective studies. The association of the 9p21 locus both with increased risk of first myocardial infarction and longer survival after MI highlights the importance of study design in investigating genetic determinants of complex disorders.



Author: Abbas Dehghan , Joshua C. Bis , Charles C. White , Albert Vernon Smith , Alanna C. Morrison , L. Adrienne Cupples, Stella Trompet

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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