Expression of osterix Is Regulated by FGF and Wnt-β-Catenin Signalling during Osteoblast DifferentiationReport as inadecuate




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Osteoblast differentiation from mesenchymal cells is regulated by multiple signalling pathways. Here we have analysed the roles of Fibroblast Growth Factor FGF and canonical Wingless-type MMTV integration site Wnt-β-Catenin signalling pathways on zebrafish osteogenesis. We have used transgenic and chemical interference approaches to manipulate these pathways and have found that both pathways are required for osteoblast differentiation in vivo. Our analysis of bone markers suggests that these pathways act at the same stage of differentiation to initiate expression of the osteoblast master regulatory gene osterix osx. We use two independent approaches that suggest that osx is a direct target of these pathways. Firstly, we manipulate signalling and show that osx gene expression responds with similar kinetics to that of known transcriptional targets of the FGF and Wnt pathways. Secondly, we have performed ChIP with transcription factors for both pathways and our data suggest that a genomic region in the first intron of osx mediates transcriptional activation. Based upon these data, we propose that FGF and Wnt-β-Catenin pathways act in part by directing transcription of osx to promote osteoblast differentiation at sites of bone formation.



Author: Katharina Felber, Philip M. Elks, Maria Lecca, Henry H. Roehl

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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