BRAFV600E-Associated Gene Expression Profile: Early Changes in the Transcriptome, Based on a Transgenic Mouse Model of Papillary Thyroid CarcinomaReport as inadecuate




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Background

The molecular mechanisms driving the papillary thyroid carcinoma PTC are still poorly understood. The most frequent genetic alteration in PTC is the BRAFV600E mutation–its impact may extend even beyond PTC genomic profile and influence the tumor characteristics and even clinical behavior.

Methods

In order to identify BRAF-dependent signature of early carcinogenesis in PTC, a transgenic mouse model with BRAFV600E-induced PTC was developed. Mice thyroid samples were used in microarray analysis and the data were referred to a human thyroid dataset.

Results

Most of BRAF+ mice developed malignant lesions. Nevertheless, 16% of BRAF+ mice displayed only benign hyperplastic lesions or apparently asymptomatic thyroids. After comparison of non-malignant BRAF+ thyroids to BRAF− ones, we selected 862 significantly deregulated genes. When the mouse BRAF-dependent signature was transposed to the human HG-U133A microarray, we identified 532 genes, potentially indicating the BRAF signature representing early changes, not related to developed malignant tumor. Comparing BRAF+ PTCs to healthy human thyroids, PTCs without BRAF and RET alterations and RET+, RAS+ PTCs, 18 of these 532 genes displayed significantly deregulated expression in all subgroups. All 18 genes, among them 7 novel and previously not reported, were validated as BRAFV600E-specific in the dataset of independent PTC samples, made available by The Cancer Genome Atlas Project.

Conclusion

The study identified 7 BRAF-induced genes that are specific for BRAF V600E-driven PTC and not previously reported as related to BRAF mutation or thyroid carcinoma: MMD, ITPR3, AACS, LAD1, PVRL3, ALDH3B1, and RASA1. The full signature of BRAF-related 532 genes may encompass other BRAF-related important transcripts and require further study.



Author: Dagmara Rusinek , Michal Swierniak, Ewa Chmielik, Monika Kowal, Malgorzata Kowalska, Renata Cyplinska, Agnieszka Czarniecka, Wojc

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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