Disparities between Ophthalmologists and Patients in Estimating Quality of Life Associated with Diabetic RetinopathyReport as inadecuate




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Background

This study aimed to evaluate and compare the utility values associated with diabetic retinopathy DR in a sample of Chinese patients and ophthalmologists.

Methods

Utility values were evaluated by both the time trade-off TTO and rating scale RS methods for 109 eligible patients with DR and 2 experienced ophthalmologists. Patients were stratified by Snellen best-corrected visual acuity BCVA in the better-seeing eye. The correlations between the utility values and general vision-related health status measures were analyzed. These utility values were compared with data from two other studies.

Results

The mean utility values elicited from the patients themselves with the TTO 0.81; SD 0.10 and RS 0.81; SD 0.11 methods were both statistically lower than the mean utility values assessed by ophthalmologists. Significant predictors of patients’ TTO and RS utility values were both LogMAR BCVA in the affected eye and average weighted LogMAR BCVA. DR grade and duration of visual dysfunction were also variables that significantly predicted patients’ TTO utility values. For ophthalmologists, patients’ LogMAR BCVA in the affected eye and in the better eye were the variables that significantly predicted both the TTO and RS utility values. Patients’ education level was also a variable that significantly predicted RS utility values. Moreover, both diabetic macular edema and employment status were significant predictors of TTO and RS utility values, whether from patients or ophthalmologists. There was no difference in mean TTO utility values compared to our American and Canadian patients.

Conclusions

DR caused a substantial decrease in Chinese patients’ utility values, and ophthalmologists substantially underestimated its effect on patient quality of life.



Author: Xiaofeng Zhu , Qian Sun , Haidong Zou , Xun Xu, Xi Zhang

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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