Effect of Temperature-Sensitive Poloxamer Solution-Gel Material on Pericardial Adhesion Prevention: Supine Rabbit Model Study Mimicking Cardiac SurgeryReport as inadecuate




Effect of Temperature-Sensitive Poloxamer Solution-Gel Material on Pericardial Adhesion Prevention: Supine Rabbit Model Study Mimicking Cardiac Surgery - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Objective

We investigated the mobility of a temperature-sensitive poloxamer-Alginate-CaCl2 mixture PACM in relation to gravity and cardiac motion and the efficacy of PACM on the prevention of pericardial adhesion in a supine rabbit model.

Methods

A total of 50 rabbits were randomly divided into two groups according to materials applied after epicardial abrasion: PACM and dye mixture group PD; n = 25 and saline as the control group group CO; n = 25. In group PD, rabbits were maintained in a supine position with appropriate sedation, and location of mixture of PACM and dye was assessed by CT scan at the immediate postoperative period and 12 hours after surgery. The grade of adhesions was evaluated macroscopically and microscopically two weeks after surgery.

Results

In group PD, enhancement was localized in the anterior pericardial space, where PACM and dye mixture was applied, on immediate post-surgical CT scans. However, the volume of the enhancement was significantly decreased at the anterior pericardial space 12 hours later P < .001. Two weeks after surgery, group PD had significantly lower macroscopic adhesion score P = .002 and fibrosis score P = .018 than did group CO. Inflammation score and expression of anti-macrophage antibody in group PD were lower than those in group CO, although the differences were not significant.

Conclusions

In a supine rabbit model study, the anti-adhesion effect was maintained at the area of PACM application, although PACM shifted with gravity and heart motion. For more potent pericardial adhesion prevention, further research and development on the maintenance of anti-adhesion material position are required.



Author: Hyun Kang, Yoon Sang Chung, Sang Wook Kim, Geun Joo Choi, Beom Gyu Kim, Suk Won Park, Ju Won Seok, Joonhwa Hong

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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