The Relationship between Post-Traumatic Symptoms, Parenting Style, and Resilience among Adolescents in Liaoning, China: A Cross-Sectional StudyReport as inadecuate




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Background

In China, a growing number of adolescents have experienced traumatic events that have resulted in PTSD post-traumatic stress disorder. Post-traumatic symptoms are common psychological problems in adolescents who have experienced traumatic events. However, existing studies tend to focus on the factors influencing PTSD, such as the response styles and social support, and studies on the relationships between parenting style, resilience and post-traumatic symptoms are still rare.

Objectives

To analyze the relationships between parenting style, resilience and post-traumatic symptoms among adolescents in China.

Methods

A cross-sectional survey was conducted from June to December 2013 in the Liaoning Province, China. N = 5765 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years old were ultimately chosen to participate. The Chinese version of the Essen Trauma Inventory for Kids and Juveniles ETI-KJ, a modified version of the Parental Authority Questionnaire, and the Chinese Resilience Scale were used to estimate the post-traumatic symptoms, parenting style, and resilience, respectively. Pearson’s correlations, multiple linear regression analyses and structural equation modeling SEM were applied to analyze the data.

Results

Of the adolescents, 39.76% N = 2292 had been exposed to traumatic events during their lives. The prevalence of probable PTSD at the time of the interview one-month-prevalence was 12.65%. Parenting style and resilience were significantly associated with post-traumatic symptoms. According to the SEM, parenting style had a significant direct effect on resilience 0.70, P<0.01 and post-traumatic symptoms -0.15, P<0.05, and resilience had a significant direct effect on the post-traumatic symptoms -0.43, P<0.01. Furthermore, parenting style had a significant indirect effect -0.43×0.70 = -0.30. P<0.01 on the post-traumatic symptoms through resilience. The SEM significantly explained 49% of the variance in resilience and 30% of the variance in post-traumatic symptoms.

Conclusions

Parenting style and resilience have significant effects on adolescents’ post-traumatic symptoms. Schools and social-related departments could share knowledge on the impact of parenting style with parents enabling them to improve their own parenting style and their children’s resilience and ability to respond effectively to traumatic events.



Author: Yanxue Zhai, Kun Liu , Lin Zhang, Han Gao, Zhuo Chen, Siyi Du, Lili Zhang, Yu Guo

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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