The Impact of Hepatitis B Vaccination Status on the Risk of Diabetes, Implicating Diabetes Risk Reduction by Successful VaccinationReport as inadecuate




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Background

The liver plays a key role in fuel metabolism. It is well established that liver disease is associated with an increased risk for diabetes mellitus. Hepatitis C virus infection has been known to increase the risk of diabetes. However, much less is known about the role of hepatitis B virus HBV infection in diabetes. We examined the association of diabetes based on the vaccination status for HBV.

Methods

In this cross-sectional study, we included adult subjects ≥20 y-o with HBV serology available from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005–2010. Diabetes was defined as established diabetes or fasting plasma glucose concentration ≥7.0 mmol-L, 2-hour plasma glucose concentration ≥11.1 mmol-L, or HbA1c ≥ 47.5 mmol-mol 6.5%. Vaccination was based on the reported history and immunization was determined by HBV serology. The odds ratio OR with 95% confidence intervals 95% CI were calculated with consideration of the following covariates: age, gender, BMI, ethnic-racial group, current smoker, current alcohol consumption, family history of diabetes, poverty index, and education.

Results

This study included 15,316 subjects. Among them, 2,320 subjects was immunized based the HBV serology. Among 4,063 subjects who received HBV vaccination, successful vaccination was only noted in 39% of subjects. The HBV vaccination was not associated with diabetes OR: 1.08, 95%CI: 0.96–1.23. Serology evidence of HBV immunization was associated with a reduced OR of diabetes 0.75, 95%CI: 0.62–0.90. Successful HBV vaccination was also associated with a reduced OR of diabetes 0.67, 95%CI: 0.52–0.84.

Conclusions

Although our study shows the association of HBV vaccination with the reduced odds of diabetes by 33%, a prospective study is warranted to confirm and examine the impact of HBV vaccination in prevention of diabetes.



Author: Jean Huang , Horng-Yih Ou , James Lin , Rudruidee Karnchanasorn, Wei Feng, Raynald Samoa, Lee-Ming Chuang , Ken C. Chiu

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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