Association of a Human FABP1 Gene Promoter Region Polymorphism with Altered Serum Triglyceride LevelsReport as inadecuate




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Liver fatty acid-binding protein L-FABP, also known as fatty acid-binding protein 1 FABP1, is a key regulator of hepatic lipid metabolism. Elevated FABP1 levels are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease CVD and metabolic syndromes. In this study, we examine the association of FABP1 gene promoter variants with serum FABP1 and lipid levels in a Chinese population. Four promoter single-nucleotide polymorphisms SNPs of FABP1 gene were genotyped in a cross-sectional survey of healthy volunteers n = 1,182 from Fuzhou city of China. Results showed that only the rs2919872 G>A variant was significantly associated with serum TG concentrationP = 0.032.Compared with the rs2919872 G allele, rs2919872 A allele contributed significantly to reduced serum TG concentration, and this allele dramatically decreased the FABP1 promoter activityP < 0.05. The rs2919872 A allele carriers had considerably lower serum FABP1 levels than G allele carriers P < 0.01. In the multivariable linear regression analysis, the rs2919872 A allele was negatively associated with serum FABP1 levels β = —0.320, P = 0.003, while serum TG levels were positively associated with serum FABP1 levels β = 0.487, P = 0.014. Our data suggest that compared with the rs2919872 G allele, the rs2919872 A allele reduces the transcriptional activity of FABP1 promoter, and thereby may link FABP1 gene variation to TG level in humans.



Author: Xian-E Peng , Yun-Li Wu , Yi-bing Zhu, Rong-dong Huang, Qing-Qing Lu, Xu Lin

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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