Optical and radio observations of a sample of 52 powerful ultra-steep spectrum radio sourcesReport as inadecuate




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1 LPTA - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Astroparticules

Abstract : We present the results of radio VLA and optical ESO-La Silla imaging of a sample of 52 radio sources having an ultra-steep radio spectrum with $\alpha$ mostly steeper than -1.1 at decimetre wavelengths median $\alpha=-1.22$. Radio-optical overlays are presented to an astrometric accuracy of ~$1\arcsec$. For 41 of the sources, radio spectral indices are newly determined using unpublished observations made with the 100-m Effelsberg radio telescope. For 14 of the sources identified with relatively brighter optical counterparts, spectroscopic observations were also carried out at La Silla and their redshifts are found to lie in the range 0.4 to 2.6. These observations have revealed three distant clusters of galaxies with redshifts of 0.55, 0.75 and 0.79, and we suggest that, together with an ultra-steep radio spectrum and relaxed radio morphology, the presence of a LINER spectrum in the optical can be used as a powerful indicator of rich clusters of galaxies. Additional candidates of this type in our sample are pointed out. Also, sources exhibiting particularly interesting radio-optical morphological relationships are highlighted. We further note the presence of six sources in our sample for which the optical counterpart either detected or undetected is fainter than $R\sim 24$ and the radio extent is small



Author: C. Ledoux J. Melnick E. Giraud - V. Kulkarni B. Altieri

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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