Genomic Selection for the Improvement of Antibody Response to Newcastle Disease and Avian Influenza Virus in ChickensReport as inadecuate




Genomic Selection for the Improvement of Antibody Response to Newcastle Disease and Avian Influenza Virus in Chickens - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Newcastle disease ND and avian influenza AI are the most feared diseases in the poultry industry worldwide. They can cause flock mortality up to 100%, resulting in a catastrophic economic loss. This is the first study to investigate the feasibility of genomic selection for antibody response to Newcastle disease virus Ab-NDV and antibody response to Avian Influenza virus Ab-AIV in chickens. The data were collected from a crossbred population. Breeding values for Ab-NDV and Ab-AIV were estimated using a pedigree-based best linear unbiased prediction model BLUP and a genomic best linear unbiased prediction model GBLUP. Single-trait and multiple-trait analyses were implemented. According to the analysis using the pedigree-based model, the heritability for Ab-NDV estimated from the single-trait and multiple-trait models was 0.478 and 0.487, respectively. The heritability for Ab-AIV estimated from the two models was 0.301 and 0.291, respectively. The estimated genetic correlation between the two traits was 0.438. A four-fold cross-validation was used to assess the accuracy of the estimated breeding values EBV in the two validation scenarios. In the family sample scenario each half-sib family is randomly allocated to one of four subsets and in the random sample scenario the individuals are randomly divided into four subsets. In the family sample scenario, compared with the pedigree-based model, the accuracy of the genomic prediction increased from 0.086 to 0.237 for Ab-NDV and from 0.080 to 0.347 for Ab-AIV. In the random sample scenario, the accuracy was improved from 0.389 to 0.427 for Ab-NDV and from 0.281 to 0.367 for Ab-AIV. The multiple-trait GBLUP model led to a slightly higher accuracy of genomic prediction for both traits. These results indicate that genomic selection for antibody response to ND and AI in chickens is promising.



Author: Tianfei Liu , Hao Qu , Chenglong Luo, Xuewei Li , Dingming Shu , Mogens Sandø Lund, Guosheng Su

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents