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Revista CENIC. Ciencias Biológicas 2010, 41

Author: Andrzej H Jasinski

Source: http://www.redalyc.org/


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Revista CENIC.
Ciencias Biológicas ISSN: 0253-5688 editorial.cenic@cnic.edu.cu Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas Cuba Jasinski, Andrzej H Public science and technology policy: Polish experiences in 1989-2009 Revista CENIC.
Ciencias Biológicas, vol.
41, 2010, pp.
1-15 Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba Disponible en: http:--www.redalyc.org-articulo.oa?id=181220509069 Cómo citar el artículo Número completo Más información del artículo Página de la revista en redalyc.org Sistema de Información Científica Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina, el Caribe, España y Portugal Proyecto académico sin fines de lucro, desarrollado bajo la iniciativa de acceso abierto Ciencia pública y Política tecnológica: experiencias de Polonia de 1989-2009 Public science and technology policy: Polish experiences in 1989-2009 Professor Andrzej H Jasinski ahj@onet.pl Unit for Innovation and Logistics, School of Management, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland Public science and technology policy: Polish experiences in 1989-2009 Abstract Two turning points have occurred in the modern development of Central and Eastern Europe: the first one in 1989-1990 - a collapse of a centrally planned system and the beginning of building of a free-market economy in most Central and East European countries (CEECs)1, and the second one in 2004 (1st May) - a formal membership of eight CEECs in The European Union2. By the end of the 1980s, a centrally planned system was functioning as the main regulation mechanism in most economies in Central and Eastern Europe.
Market mechanisms played, generally speaking, an indirect role, although bigger – in some countries, and smaller – in other ones. At the beginning of the 1990s, fundamental, economic and political reforms started in the majority of those countries.
The essence of the transformations has been an introduction of free-market forces into national economies together w...





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