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European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 26, Issue 6, pp 733–742

First Online: 10 January 2017Received: 01 November 2016Accepted: 05 January 2017DOI: 10.1007-s00787-017-0943-9

Cite this article as: Plener, P.L., Groschwitz, R.C., Brähler, E. et al. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2017 26: 733. doi:10.1007-s00787-017-0943-9

Abstract

Germany saw an increase in numbers of refugees in 2015, with nearly a third being below the age of 18. Unaccompanied refugee minors URMs present an especially vulnerable group. In addition to pre-flight and flight stress, the acculturation process can work as potential stressor, and we wanted to explore attitudes towards URM. We conducted a study in a representative sample n = 2524 of the German population ages 14 years or older between January and March 2016. Only 22.8% of participants thought that Germany could accompany more URM. While few participants argued in support of immediate deportation of URM in general 38.6% or of URM from the Middle East 35.3%, a majority advocated for immediate deportations of URM from the Balkan region 62% or from Africa 51.1%. Difference in the variance regarding attitudes towards deportation was explained mostly by right-wing political attitudes as well as by islamophobic attitudes and general rejection of asylum seekers. High rates of approval were found for guaranteeing the same chances to schooling or apprenticeship for URM as to German children and for bestowing URM a right to permanent residence if they were able to complete school or apprenticeship. Education and qualification are key to integration. Studies about needs and wishes of URM consistently report a high motivation to learn the language of their new host country and attend school. At this point, hopes of URM and expectations of society meet, which underlines the importance of participation in education as key factor in integration.

KeywordsUnaccompanied refugee minors URM Refugee Adolescents Trauma Flight 



Author: Paul L. Plener - Rebecca C. Groschwitz - Elmar Brähler - Thorsten Sukale - Jörg M. Fegert

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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