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Synthesis philosophica, Vol.29 No.1 November 2014. -

This article argues that traditional Chinese society was characterized by a -part–whole structure- in which the value of an individual was measured by his value for society. In Europe, starting from the middle of the 15th century, a society that is characterized by a -many–one structure- developed. In such a society, an individual freely chooses with which organizations he or she associates. Man became seen as a creative actor in history, and personal freedom was understood to be the necessary requisite to act creatively. Along with the development of capitalism, contemporary Chinese society witnesses a shift from the traditional -part–whole structure- to the -many–one structure-. Integrating the opinion of personal informants and of online and other popular writers, this article investigates the changing position of the individual in contemporary Chinese society.

Confucianism; capitalism; individualism; collectivism; social relations



Author: Mieke Matthyssen - ; Ghent University, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Languages and Cultures of South and East Asia, Ghent, Belg

Source: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



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