Identification among morphologically similar Argyreia Convolvulaceae based on leaf anatomy and phenetic analysesReport as inadecuate




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Botanical Studies

, 58:25

Morphology

Abstract

BackgroundThe genus Argyreia Lour. is one of the species-rich Asian genera in the family Convolvulaceae. Several species complexes were recognized in which taxon delimitation was imprecise, especially when examining herbarium materials without fully developed open flowers. The main goal of this study is to investigate and describe leaf anatomy for some morphologically similar Argyreia using epidermal peeling, leaf and petiole transverse sections, and scanning electron microscopy. Phenetic analyses including cluster analysis and principal component analysis were used to investigate the similarity of these morpho-types.

ResultsAnatomical differences observed between the morpho-types include epidermal cell walls and the trichome types on the leaf epidermis. Additional differences in the leaf and petiole transverse sections include the epidermal cell shape of the adaxial leaf blade, the leaf margins, and the petiole transverse sectional outline. The phenogram from cluster analysis using the UPGMA method represented four groups with an R value of 0.87. Moreover, the important quantitative and qualitative leaf anatomical traits of the four groups were confirmed by the principal component analysis of the first two components. The results from phenetic analyses confirmed the anatomical differentiation between the morpho-types.

ConclusionsLeaf anatomical features regarded as particularly informative for morpho-type differentiation can be used to supplement macro morphological identification.

KeywordsLeaf epidermis Leaf transverse section PCA SEM Species complex Stomatal index UPGMA 



Author: Paweena Traiperm - Janene Chow - Possathorn Nopun - G. Staples - Sasivimon C. Swangpol

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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