Post-Discharge Mortality in Children with Severe Malnutrition and Pneumonia in BangladeshReport as inadecuate




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Background

Post-discharge mortality among children with severe illness in resource-limited settings is under-recognized and there are limited data. We evaluated post-discharge mortality in a recently reported cohort of children with severe malnutrition and pneumonia, and identified characteristics associated with an increased risk of death.

Methods

Young children <5 years of age with severe malnutrition WHO criteria and radiographic pneumonia on admission to Dhaka Hospital of icddr,b over a 15-month period were managed according to standard protocols. Those discharged were followed-up and survival status at 12 weeks post-discharge was determined. Verbal autopsy was requested from families of those that died.

Results

Of 405 children hospitalized with severe malnutrition and pneumonia, 369 median age, 10 months were discharged alive with a follow-up plan. Of these, 32 8.7% died in the community within 3 months of discharge: median 22 IQR 9–35 days from discharge to death. Most deaths were reportedly associated with acute onset of new respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms. Those that died following discharge were significantly younger median 6 IQR 3,12 months and more severely malnourished, on admission and on discharge, than those that survived. Bivariate analysis found that severe wasting on admission OR 3.64, 95% CI 1.66–7.97 and age <12 months OR 2.54, 95% CI 1.1–8.8 were significantly associated with post-discharge death. Of those that died in the community, none had attended a scheduled follow-up and care-seeking from a traditional healer was more common p<0.001 compared to those who survived.

Conclusion and Significance

Post-discharge mortality was common in Bangladeshi children following inpatient care for severe malnutrition and pneumonia. The underlying contributing factors require a better understanding to inform the potential of interventions that could improve survival.



Author: Mohammod Jobayer Chisti, Stephen M. Graham , Trevor Duke, Tahmeed Ahmed, Abu Syed Golam Faruque, Hasan Ashraf, Pradip Kumar Bardh

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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