Do You Hear the Same Cardiorespiratory Responses between Mothers and Infants during Tonal and Atonal MusicReport as inadecuate




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This study examined the effects of tonal and atonal music on respiratory sinus arrhythmia RSA in 40 mothers and their 3-month-old infants. The tonal music fragment was composed using the structure of a harmonic series that corresponds with the pitch ratio characteristics of mother–infant vocal dialogues. The atonal fragment did not correspond with a tonal structure. Mother–infant ECG and respiration were registered along with simultaneous video recordings. RR-interval, respiration rate, and RSA were calculated. RSA was corrected for any confounding respiratory and motor activities. The results showed that the infants’ and the mothers’ RSA-responses to the tonal and atonal music differed. The infants showed significantly higher RSA-levels during the tonal fragment than during the atonal fragment and baseline, suggesting increased vagal activity during tonal music. The mothers showed RSA-responses that were equal to their infants only when the infants were lying close to their bodies and when they heard the difference between the two fragments, preferring the tonal above the atonal fragment. The results are discussed with regard to music-related topics, psychophysiological integration and mother-infant vocal interaction processes.



Author: Martine Van Puyvelde , Gerrit Loots, Pol Vanfleteren, Joris Meys, David Simcock, Nathalie Pattyn

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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