Testing Genetic Association by Regressing Genotype over Multiple PhenotypesReport as inadecuate

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Complex disorders are typically characterized by multiple phenotypes. Analyzing these phenotypes jointly is expected to be more powerful than dealing with one of them at a time. A recent approach O-Reilly et al. 2012 is to regress the genotype at a SNP marker on multiple phenotypes and apply the proportional odds model. In the current research, we introduce an explicit expression for the score test statistic and its non-centrality parameter that determines its power. Same simulation studies as those reported in Galesloot et al. 2014 were conducted to assess its performance. We demonstrate by theoretical arguments and simulation studies that, despite its potential usefulness for multiple phenotypes, the proportional odds model method can be less powerful than regular methods for univariate traits. We also introduce an implementation of the proposed score statistic in an R package named iGasso.

Author: Kai Wang

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/


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