The Relationship between Body Weight Change and Body Constitutions of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Patients with SchizophreniaReport as inadecuate




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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Volume 2016 2016, Article ID 9585968, 9 pages -

Research Article

School of Nursing, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Department of Nursing, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Department of Nursing, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan

Nursing Department, TsaoTun Psychiatric Center, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Nantou, Taiwan

Department of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Psychiatry Department, TsaoTun Psychiatric Center, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Nantou, Taiwan

Received 19 February 2016; Revised 16 June 2016; Accepted 21 September 2016

Academic Editor: Hong-Cai Shang

Copyright © 2016 Jui-Fen Cheng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To explore the relationship between body constitution BC types and weight change in patients with schizophrenia and who underwent second-generation antipsychotics SGAs treatment. Method. Body weight and waist circumference of eighty-five participants were measured for 6 consecutive weeks. Constitutions of Yin-Xu, Yang-Xu, and Stasis were assessed using the Body Constitution Questionnaire BCQ. Results. Participants with body constitutions Yin-Xu 50.6%, Yang-Xu 49.4%, or Stasis 38.8% exhibited worse physical condition and unhealthy daily habits, particularly in Stasis constitution. Moreover, Stasis constitution was significantly associated with several factors, including BMI, body weight, waist circumference, perception of stress, perception of health, staying up late, and less physical exercise. However, perception of stress showed significant difference in Yin-Xu, Yang-Xu, and Stasis. Generalized estimating equation GEE analysis revealed that significant time effects in body weight increase in the imbalanced BC types and gentleness BC type. SGAs induced weight gain in imbalanced BC type as well as gentleness BC type, especially treated with olanzapine. Conclusions. This is the first study to explore the longitudinal relationship between BC and weight gain in schizophrenia patients undergoing SGAs treatment. Health care providers should focus on weight gain problems in schizophrenia patients who underwent SGAs treatment.





Author: Jui-Fen Cheng, Xuan-Yi Huang, Te-Le Liu, Ruey-Yun Wang, and Han-Yi Ching

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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