Normalizing Spatial Information to Better Combine Criteria in Geographical Information RetrievalReport as inadecuate

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1 LIUPPA - Laboratoire Informatique de l-Université de Pau et des Pays de l-Adour 2 SIGNES - Linguistic signs, grammar and meaning: computational logic for natural language Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux 3, Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux 1, Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest, École Nationale Supérieure d-Électronique, Informatique et Radiocommunications de Bordeaux ENSEIRB, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR5800

Abstract : It is generally accepted that geographical information or G.I. such as texts, maps and tables is chiefly composed of 3 kinds of criteria : spatial, temporal and thematic criteria. The main focus of this article is spatial criteria. More specifically, we have developed a processing sequence that can extract the spatial information contained in non-structured cultural heritage texts. This processing sequence indexes spatial information, which enables information retrieval I.R. based on the same criteria. Our goal is to normalize heterogeneous spatial information. This normalization is carried out at the index level by grouping spatial information together and by using statistics to calculate weights of spatial areas and the pertinence of the results. Thus, we aim to develop a general IR strategy that is dedicated to spatial information, but which can be applied to temporal and thematic information as well. By generalizing this approach, homogeneous IR strategies will be able to combine spatial, temporal and thematic criteria for more efficient geographic IR methods.

Author: Damien Palacio - Christian Sallaberry - Mauro Gaio -



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