The rs225017 Polymorphism in the 3′UTR of the Human DIO2 Gene Is Associated with Increased Insulin ResistanceReport as inadecuate

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The Thr92Ala rs225014 polymorphism in the type 2 deiodinase DIO2 gene has been associated with insulin resistance IR and decreased enzyme activity in human tissues but kinetic studies failed to detect changes in the mutant enzyme, suggesting that this variant might be a marker of abnormal DIO2 expression. Thus, we aimed to investigate whether other DIO2 polymorphisms, individually or in combination with the Thr92Ala, may contribute to IR. The entire coding-region of DIO2 gene was sequenced in 12 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus T2DM. Potentially informative variants were evaluated in 1077 T2DM patients and 516 nondiabetic subjects. IR was evaluated using the homeostasis model assessment HOMA-IR index. DIO2 gene sequencing revealed no new mutation but 5 previously described single nucleotide polymorphisms SNPs. We observed that all T2DM patients displaying high HOMA-IR index n = 6 were homozygous for the rs225017 T-A polymorphism. Further analysis showed that the median fasting plasma insulin and HOMA-IR of T2DM patients carrying the T-T genotype were higher than in patients carrying the A allele P = 0.013 and P = 0.002, respectively. These associations were magnified in the presence of the Ala92Ala genotype of the Thr92Ala polymorphism. Moreover, the rs225017 and the Thr92Ala polymorphisms were in partial linkage disequilibrium |D′| = 0.811; r2 = 0.365. In conclusion, the rs225017 polymorphism is associated with greater IR in T2DM and it seems to interact with the Thr92Ala polymorphism in the modulation of IR.

Author: Leonardo B. Leiria, José M. Dora, Simone M. Wajner, Aline A. F. Estivalet, Daisy Crispim , Ana Luiza Maia



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