Effect of Continuous Agriculture of Grassland Soils of the Argentine Rolling Pampa on Soil Organic Carbon and NitrogenReport as inadecuate




Effect of Continuous Agriculture of Grassland Soils of the Argentine Rolling Pampa on Soil Organic Carbon and Nitrogen - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Applied and Environmental Soil ScienceVolume 2013 2013, Article ID 487865, 17 pages

Research Article

Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Pergamino, INTA, Ruta 32 km 4.5, 2700 Pergamino, BA, Argentina

INRA, US 1158 Agro-Impact, Site de Laon, Pôle du Griffon, 180 rue Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, 02000 Barenton-Bugny, France

Received 11 April 2013; Accepted 20 August 2013

Academic Editor: María Cruz Díaz Álvarez

Copyright © 2013 Luis A. Milesi Delaye et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Long-term soil organic carbon SOC and soil organic nitrogen SON following cultivation of grassland soils 100-120-year tillage T + 20-30-year no tillage NT of the Rolling Pampa were studied calibrating the simple AMG model coupled with the natural

C abundance measurements issued from long-term experiments and validating it on a data set obtained by a farmer survey and by long-term NT experiments. The multisite survey and NT trials permitted coverage of the history of the 140 years with agriculture. The decrease in SOC and SON storage that occurred during the first twenty years by a loss through biological activity was 27% for SOC and 32% for SON. The calibrated model described the SOC storage evolution very well and permitted an accurate simultaneous estimation of their three parameters. The validated model simulated well SOC and SON evolution. Overall, the results analyzed separately for the T and NT period indicated that the active pool has a rapid turnover MRT ~9 and 13 years, resp. which represents 50% of SOC in the native prairie soil and 20% of SOC at equilibrium after NT period. NT implementation on soils with the highest soil organic matter reserves will continue to decrease 17% for three decades later under current annual addition.





Author: Luis A. Milesi Delaye, Alicia B. Irizar, Adrián E. Andriulo, and Bruno Mary

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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