Investigating Migration Inhibition and Apoptotic Effects of Fomitopsis pinicola Chloroform Extract on Human Colorectal Cancer SW-480 CellsReport as inadecuate




Investigating Migration Inhibition and Apoptotic Effects of Fomitopsis pinicola Chloroform Extract on Human Colorectal Cancer SW-480 Cells - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Background

Fomitopsis pinicola Sw. Ex Fr.m Karst FPK which belongs to the Basidiomycota fungal class is one of the most popular medical fungi in China. It has been used for many diseases: cancer, heart diseases, diabetes and so on. However, little study on the pro-apoptotic effect and migration inhibition of FPK chloroform extract FPKc has been reported and the possible involved mechanism has not been illuminated.

Methodology-Principal Findings

Chemical analysis was performed by HPLC which showed ergosterol ES concentration was 105 µg-mg. MTT assay revealed that FPKc could selectively inhibit SW-480 cells viability with the IC50 of 190.28 µg-ml. Wound healing and transwell assay indicated that FPKc could inhibit the migration of SW-480 cells obviously, FPKc could also dramatically decreased the matrix metalloproteinases-2, 9 MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression. Annexin V–FITC-PI staining, nuclear Hoechst 33342 staining and DNA fragmentation analysis revealed that FPKc and ES could induce SW-480 cells apoptosis. The apoptosis process closely involved in ROS accumulation and depletion of GSH, activation of caspase 3, poly ADP-ribose polymerase PARP degradation. FPKc could also up-regulate P53 expression and thus lead to G1 phase arrest. When SW-480 cells were pretreated with N-acetylcysteine NAC, the ROS generation, cell viability and apoptotic ratio were partially declined, which indicated that ROS was vertical in the pro-apoptosis process induced by FPKc. Moreover, in the whole process, ES which has been previously found in FPKc had the similar effect to FPKc. Thus we could conclude that ES, as one of the highest abundant components in FPKc, might also be one of the active constituents.

Conclusion-Significance

FPKc could inhibit the migration of SW-480 cells, induce SW-480 cells G1 phase arrest and cause ROS-mediated apoptosis effect. And ES might be one of the effective constituents in the whole process.



Author: Yaqin Wang , Xiaoxia Cheng , Pan Wang, Lu Wang, Jianping Fan, Xiaobing Wang , Quanhong Liu

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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