Ginsenoside Rg1 Prevents Cognitive Impairment and Hippocampus Senescence in a Rat Model of D-Galactose-Induced AgingReport as inadecuate




Ginsenoside Rg1 Prevents Cognitive Impairment and Hippocampus Senescence in a Rat Model of D-Galactose-Induced Aging - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Neurogenesis continues throughout the lifetime in the hippocampus, while the rate declines with brain aging. It has been hypothesized that reduced neurogenesis may contribute to age-related cognitive impairment. Ginsenoside Rg1 is an active ingredient of Panax ginseng in traditional Chinese medicine, which exerts anti-oxidative and anti-aging effects. This study explores the neuroprotective effect of ginsenoside Rg1 on the hippocampus of the D-gal D-galactose induced aging rat model. Sub-acute aging was induced in male SD rats by subcutaneous injection of D-gal 120 mg-kg·d for 42 days, and the rats were treated with ginsenoside Rg1 20 mg-kg·d, intraperitoneally or normal saline for 28 days after 14 days of D-gal injection. In another group, normal male SD rats were treated with ginsenoside Rg1 alone 20 mg-kg·d, intraperitoneally for 28 days. It showed that administration of ginsenoside Rg1 significantly attenuated all the D-gal-induced changes in the hippocampus, including cognitive capacity, senescence-related markers and hippocampal neurogenesis, compared with the D-gal-treated rats. Further investigation showed that ginsenoside Rg1 protected NSCs-NPCs neural stem cells-progenitor cells shown by increased level of SOX-2 expression; reduced astrocytes activation shown by decrease level of Aeg-1 expression; increased the hippocampal cell proliferation; enhanced the activity of the antioxidant enzymes GSH-Px glutathione peroxidase and SOD Superoxide Dismutase; decreased the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α, which are the proinflammatory cytokines; increased the telomere lengths and telomerase activity; and down-regulated the mRNA expression of cellular senescence associated genes p53, p21Cip1-Waf1 and p19Arf in the hippocampus of aged rats. Our data provides evidence that ginsenoside Rg1 can improve cognitive ability, protect NSCs-NPCs and promote neurogenesis by enhancing the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacity in the hippocampus.



Author: Jiahong Zhu , Xinyi Mu , Jin Zeng, Chunyan Xu, Jun Liu, Mengsi Zhang, Chengpeng Li, Jie Chen, Tinyu Li, Yaping Wang

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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