Intermittent Iron Folate Supplementation: Impact on Hematinic Status and Growth of School GirlsReport as inadecuate




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ISRN HematologyVolume 2012 2012, Article ID 482153, 6 pages

Research ArticleDepartment of Foods and Nutrition, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, 14 Anupam Society, Behind Pizza Inn, Jetalpur Road, Vadodara 390007, India

Received 8 April 2012; Accepted 6 June 2012

Academic Editors: D. Del Principe, S. Egee, J. Metz, and T. Nagai

Copyright © 2012 Aditi Sen and Shubhada Kanani. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In view of high iron needs for adolescent growth, this paper studied the impact of daily vs. intermittent once and twice weekly iron folic acid IFA supplementation on hemoglobin levels and pubertal growth among primary school girls in early adolescence 9–13 years of Vadodara, India. Methods. Hemoglobin Hb, height and weight of the girls were assessed using standard methods. In three experimental schools ES IFA tablets in a dose of 100 mg F e + 0 . 5  mg folic acid was given either daily, once weekly or twice weekly for one year. The fourth school control: CS did not receive any intervention. Results. Hb levels significantly improved 𝑃 < 0 . 0 1 in all ES compared to CS. Body Mass Index BMI increment in ES vs CS was significant 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 in twice weekly IFA and daily IFA. Within ES groups, mean Hb and BMI increments were comparable between twice weekly IFA and daily IFA. Anemic ES girls showed higher Hb and BMI increments vs. non-anemic girls. Better the Hb response, greater was the benefit on BMI. Conclusion: Twice-weekly IFA supplementation was comparable to daily IFA as regards impact on Hb and growth; at less cost and greater feasibility. Once-weekly dose was inadequate to significantly improve growth.





Author: Aditi Sen and Shubhada Kanani

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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