Effects of Exercise Training on Circulating and Skeletal Muscle Renin-Angiotensin System in Chronic Heart Failure RatsReport as inadecuate




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Background

Accumulated evidence shows that the ACE-AngII-AT1 axis of the renin-angiotensin system RAS is markedly activated in chronic heart failure CHF. Recent studies provide information that Angiotensin Ang-1–7, a metabolite of AngII, counteracts the effects of AngII. However, this balance between AngII and Ang-1–7 is still little understood in CHF. We investigated the effects of exercise training on circulating and skeletal muscle RAS in the ischemic model of CHF.

Methods-Main Results

Male Wistar rats underwent left coronary artery ligation or a Sham operation. They were divided into four groups: 1 Sedentary Sham Sham-S, 2 exercise-trained Sham Sham-Ex, sedentary CHF CHF-S, and exercise-trained CHF CHF-Ex. Angiotensin concentrations and ACE and ACE2 activity in the circulation and skeletal muscle soleus and plantaris were quantified. Skeletal muscle ACE and ACE2 protein expression, and AT1, AT2, and Mas receptor gene expression were also evaluated. CHF reduced ACE2 serum activity. Exercise training restored ACE2 and reduced ACE activity in CHF. Exercise training reduced plasma AngII concentration in both Sham and CHF rats and increased the Ang-1–7-AngII ratio in CHF rats. CHF and exercise training did not change skeletal muscle ACE and ACE2 activity and protein expression. CHF increased AngII levels in both soleus and plantaris muscle, and exercise training normalized them. Exercise training increased Ang-1–7 in the plantaris muscle of CHF rats. The AT1 receptor was only increased in the soleus muscle of CHF rats, and exercise training normalized it. Exercise training increased the expression of the Mas receptor in the soleus muscle of both exercise-trained groups, and normalized it in plantaris muscle.

Conclusions

Exercise training causes a shift in RAS towards the Ang-1–7-Mas axis in skeletal muscle, which can be influenced by skeletal muscle metabolic characteristics. The changes in RAS circulation do not necessarily reflect the changes occurring in the RAS of skeletal muscle.



Author: Igor Lucas Gomes-Santos, Tiago Fernandes, Gisele Kruger Couto, Julio César Ayres Ferreira-Filho, Vera Maria Cury Salemi, Fernand

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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