The B Lymphocyte Differentiation Factor BAFF Is Expressed in the Airways of Children with CF and in Lungs of Mice Infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosaReport as inadecuate




The B Lymphocyte Differentiation Factor BAFF Is Expressed in the Airways of Children with CF and in Lungs of Mice Infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Background

Chronic lung infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa remains a major cause of mortality and morbidity among individuals with CF. Expression of mediators promoting recruitment and differentiation of B cells, or supporting antibody production is poorly understood yet could be key to controlling infection.

Methods

BAFF was measured in BAL from children with CF, both with and without P. aeruginosa, and controls. Mice were intra-nasally infected with P. aeruginosa strain LESB65 for up to 7 days. Cellular infiltration and expression of B cell chemoattractants and B cell differentiation factor, BAFF were measured in lung tissue.

Results

BAFF expression was elevated in both P. aeruginosa negative and positive CF patients and in P. aeruginosa infected mice post infection. Expression of the B cell chemoattractants CXCL13, CCL19 and CCL21 increased progressively post infection.

Conclusions

In a mouse model, infection with P. aeruginosa was associated with elevated expression of BAFF and other B cell chemoattractants suggesting a role for airway B cell recruitment and differentiation in the local adaptive immune response to P. aeruginosa. The paediatric CF airway, irrespective of pseudomonal infection, was found to be associated with an elevated level of BAFF implying that BAFF expression is not specific to pseudomonas infection and may be a feature of the CF airway. Despite the observed presence of a potent B cell activator, chronic colonisation is common suggesting that this response is ineffective.



Author: Daniel R. Neill , Gemma L. Saint , Laura Bricio-Moreno, Joanne L. Fothergill, Kevin W. Southern, Craig Winstanley, Stephen E. Chr

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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