An Integrated Approach Combining Chemical Analysis and an In Vivo Bioassay to Assess the Estrogenic Potency of a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Leachate in QingdaoReport as inadecuate




An Integrated Approach Combining Chemical Analysis and an In Vivo Bioassay to Assess the Estrogenic Potency of a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Leachate in Qingdao - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Various adverse effects related to landfill leachate have made leachates an important issue in past decades, and it has been demonstrated that landfill leachate is an important source of environmental estrogens. In this study, we employed chemical analysis of some already evaluated estrogenic substances, in combination with a bioassay using several specific biomarkers e.g., plasma vitellogenin and sex steroids, enzyme activity of gonad gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, and gonadosomatic index to evaluate the estrogenic activities in outlets from different stages of the leachate treatment process. The results indicated that 5 environmental estrogens 4-t-octylphenol, bisphenol A, di-ethyl phthalate, di-n-butyl phthalate, and diethylhexyl phthalate were detected by a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and the concentrations in leachate samples were 6153 ng-L, 3642 ng-L, 2139 ng-L, 5900 ng-L, and 9422 ng-L, respectively. Leachate 1∶200 diluted induced the synthesis of plasma vitellogenin and led to decreased enzyme activity of gonad gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase and gonadosomatic index in male goldfish Carassius auratus after a 28-day exposure, while increased circulating 17β-estradiol level was also observed in males exposed to treated effluent. Although the target EEs were partially removed with removal rates varying from 87.2% to 99.77% by the -membrane bioreactor+reverse osmosis+aeration zeolite biofilter- treatment process, the treated effluent is still estrogenic to fish. The method combined chemical techniques with the responses of test organisms allowing us to identify the group of estrogen-like chemicals so that we were able to evaluate the overall estrogenic effects of a complex mixture, avoiding false negative assessments.



Author: Yufeng Gong, Hua Tian, Lijia Wang, Suping Yu, Shaoguo Ru

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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