Cancers in Togo from 1984 to 2008: Epidemiological and Pathological Aspects of 5251 CasesReport as inadecuate




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Journal of Cancer EpidemiologyVolume 2011 2011, Article ID 319872, 7 pages

Clinical Study

Laboratoire d-Anatomie et Cytologie Pathologiques, CHU Tokoin, Lomé, Togo

Faculté Mixte de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Université de Lomé, BP 1515, Lomé, Togo

Service d-Ophtalmologie, CHU Kara, Togo

Laboratoire d-Hématologie Clinique, CHU Tokoin, Lomé, Togo

Pavillon Militaire, Service de Chirurgie, CHU Tokoin, Lomé, Togo

Received 5 April 2011; Revised 26 July 2011; Accepted 10 August 2011

Academic Editor: Carmen J. Marsit

Copyright © 2011 Koffi Amégbor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To describe the epidemiological and histological aspects of cancers in Togo. Materials and Methods. We made a retrospective review of the epidemiological and pathological features of cancers observed from 1984 to 2008 at the laboratory of pathology of CHU-TOKOIN in Lomé, Togo. Results. During our study period, we found 5251 cases of cancers with an annual average frequency of 210 cases. The sex ratio, male-female, was 0.9 and the average age of occurring was 45.3 years. This average age was 46.9 years for men and 43.8 years for women. The most frequent cancers for men were prostate cancer 12.9%, nonmelanoma skin cancer 10.4%, and gastric cancer 10.3%. For women it was breast cancer 27.1%, cervix cancer 11.2% and non-Hodgkin lymphoma 6.3%. Histologically, it was carcinomas in 68.1% of the cases, sarcomas in 11% of the cases and non-Hodgkin lymphomas in 12.6% of the cases. Children cancers were primarily Burkitt lymphoma 27.9% of cases and retinoblastoma 8.5% of cases. Conclusion. This study shows that cancers are frequent in Togo and emphasizes on the necessity of having a cancer register for the prevention and the control of this disease in Togo.





Author: Koffi Amégbor, Tchin Darre, Koffi Didier Ayéna, Essohana Padaro, Kodjo Tengué, Anani Abalo, and Gado Napo-Koura

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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