Measuring HIV Stigma at the Family Level: Psychometric Assessment of the Chinese Courtesy Stigma Scales CCSSsReport as inadecuate




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Courtesy stigma is the stigmatization a person perceives or experiences due to their association with a stigmatized individual or group. Most HIV-related stigma scales have been developed for people living with HIV-AIDS PLWHAs, but not for their HIV-uninfected family members. To date, few measurement scales have been designed to measure the degree of stigma among both PLWHAs and their HIV-uninfected family members at the family level. We developed a set of courtesy stigma scales and estimated their reliability and validity from 256 PLWHAs and 256 of their HIV-uninfected family members. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed in two independent samples: a development sample N = 216 and a validation sample N = 296, respectively. Two factors -public stigma- and -self-perceived stigma- had high internal consistency reliability Cronbach-s alpha coefficient between 0.83–0.90 and good construct validity standardized factor loading range: 0.37–0.95 in both samples. These findings document that the newly developed brief instrument is a psychometrically sound measure of HIV-related stigma among both PLWHAs and their HIV-uninfected family members.



Author: Hongjie Liu , Yongfang Xu, Yehuan Sun, Levent Dumenci

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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