Proper Interpretation of Dissolved Nitrous Oxide Isotopes, Production Pathways, and Emissions Requires a Modelling ApproachReport as inadecuate




Proper Interpretation of Dissolved Nitrous Oxide Isotopes, Production Pathways, and Emissions Requires a Modelling Approach - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Stable isotopes 15N and 18O of the greenhouse gas N2O provide information about the sources and processes leading to N2O production and emission from aquatic ecosystems to the atmosphere. In turn, this describes the fate of nitrogen in the aquatic environment since N2O is an obligate intermediate of denitrification and can be a by-product of nitrification. However, due to exchange with the atmosphere, the values at typical concentrations in aquatic ecosystems differ significantly from both the source of N2O and the N2O emitted to the atmosphere. A dynamic model, SIDNO, was developed to explore the relationship between the isotopic ratios of N2O, N2O source, and the emitted N2O. If the N2O production rate or isotopic ratios vary, then the N2O concentration and isotopic ratios may vary or be constant, not necessarily concomitantly, depending on the synchronicity of production rate and source isotopic ratios. Thus prima facie interpretation of patterns in dissolved N2O concentrations and isotopic ratios is difficult. The dynamic model may be used to correctly interpret diel field data and allows for the estimation of the gas exchange coefficient, N2O production rate, and the production-weighted values of the N2O source in aquatic ecosystems. Combining field data with these modelling efforts allows this critical piece of nitrogen cycling and N2O flux to the atmosphere to be assessed.



Author: Simon J. Thuss, Jason J. Venkiteswaran , Sherry L. Schiff

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents