Involvement of MIF in Basement Membrane Damage in Chronically UVB-Exposed Skin in MiceReport as inadecuate




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Solar ultraviolet UV B radiation is known to induce matrix metalloproteinases MMPs that degrade collagen in the basement membrane. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor MIF is a pluripotent cytokine that plays an essential role in the pathophysiology of skin inflammation induced by UV irradiation. This study examined the effects of MIF on basement membrane damage following chronic UVB irradiation in mice. The back skin of MIF transgenic Tg and wild-type WT mice was exposed to UVB three times a week for 10 weeks. There was a decrease in intact protein levels of type IV collagen and increased basement membrane damage in the exposed skin of the MIF Tg mice compared to that observed in the WT mice. Moreover, the skin of the MIF Tg mice exhibited higher MIF, MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression and protein levels than those observed in the WT mice. We also found that chronic UVB exposure in MIF Tg mice resulted in higher levels of neutrophil infiltration in the dermis compared with that observed in the WT mice. In vitro experiments revealed that MIF induced increases in the MMPs expression, including that of MMP-9 in keratinocytes and MMP-2 in fibroblasts. Cultured neutrophils also secreted MMP-9 stimulated by MIF. Therefore, MIF-mediated basement membrane damage occurs primarily through MMPs activation and neutrophil influx in murine skin following chronic UVB irradiation.



Author: Yoko Yoshihisa, Osamu Norisugi, Kenji Matsunaga, Jun Nishihira, Tadamichi Shimizu

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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