Predicting US banks bankruptcy: logit versus Canonical Discriminant analysisReport as inadecuate

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* Corresponding author 1 CES - Centre d-économie de la Sorbonne

Abstract : Using a large panel of US banks over the period 2008-2013, this paper proposes an early-warning framework to identify bank leading to bankruptcy. We conduct a comparative analysis based on both Canonical Discriminant Analysis and Logit models to examine and to determine the most accurate of these models. Moreover, we analyze and improve suitability of models by comparing different optimal cut-off score ROC curve vs theoretical value. The main conclusions are: i Results vary with cut-off value of score, ii the logistic regression using 0.5 as critical cut-off value outperforms DA model with an average of correct classification equal to 96.22%. However, it produces the highest error type 1 rate 42.67%, iii ROC curve validation improves the quality of the model by minimizing the error of misclassification of bankrupt banks: only 4.42% in average and exhibiting 0% in both 2012 and 2013. Also, it emphasizes better prediction of failure of banks because it delivers in mean the highest error type II 8.43%.

Keywords : Bankruptcy prediction Canonical Discriminant Analysis Logistic regression CAMELS ROC curve Early-warning system

Author: Zeineb Affes - Rania Hentati-Kaffel -



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