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Annales Instituti Archaeologici, Vol.IX No.1 December 2013. -

In June of 2012, the investigations of the Roman villa located in Soline Bay on the island of St. Clement Sv. Klement near Hvar continued in their six season. Researchers from four institutions Hvar Heritage Museum, Institute of Archaeology in Zagreb, University of St. Thomas, Minneapolis, Institute of Archaeology at the University of Graz collaborated on the project, with a number of student and volunteer participants. Three probes on parcel 4319 were excavated to the bedrock: 7, 8 and 10. Probe 7 was an expansion of Probe 6 from 2011, where stratigraphic units 700-731 were documented. The wall SU 717 of E-W direction, presumed in the magnetometric survey from 2010 was now archaeologically documented, along with its original floor SU 719, 721, both of which are connected with the Late Roman villa. Another mortar floor with two foundations in chipped stones SU 712, 713, 715 was documented above, testifying to a later reconstruction of the villa, of a so far undetermined date. Probe 8 was an expansion of Probe 4 from 2011, where stratigraphic units 800-825 were documented. The continuation of the N-S wall SU 812 was documented in its foundations, that with the partially recovered parallel wall on the west side of the trench SU 819 enclosed the Late Roman room within the villa. The continuation from trench 4 excavated in 2011 of the thick Roman waterproof mortar floor SU 817 abutting the wall foundation SU 818 was documented in its overall dimensions. On the south side of the trench SU 815 and SU 816, there are probably the remains of a small grave. Archaeological evidence for the earlier Roman walls, indicated by the magnetometry results were not documented. The area of Novak‘s trench from the 1950s was carefully cleaned, and two small probes were opened on the N 9 and S 10 edges of it. Probe 9 yielded architectural remains continuing in the S, E, and W direction. A bronze Roman coin was documented within the remains of the wall. Probe 10 documented stratigraphic units from 1000-1006. A floor SU 1001, made of ceramic tiles dim. 35 x 35 cm, on the mortar foundation SU 1002, and a thin burned layer was documented. The Soline bay was subjected to the underwater survey for the purpose of beginning the documentation and protection of the underwater architectural and material findings.

Soline; island of St. Clement; Late Roman villa; architecture; Hellenistic-Roman-Late Roman pottery; salt works; underwater survey



Author: Marina Ugarković - ; Institute of Archaeology, Zagreb, Croatia Ivančica Schrunk - ; University of St. Thomas, St. Paul, Minneso

Source: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



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