Microsatellite Evidence for High Frequency of Multiple Paternity in the Marine Gastropod Rapana venosaReport as inadecuate




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Background

Inferring of parentage in natural populations is important in understanding the mating systems of a species, which have great effects on its genetic structure and evolution. Muricidae, a large group approximately 1,600 species of marine gastropods, are poorly investigated in patterns of multiple paternity and sperm competition based on molecular techniques. The veined Rapa whelk, Rapana venosa, a commercially important muricid species with internal fertilization, is an ideal species to study the occurrence and frequency of multiple paternity and to facilitate understanding of their reproductive strategies.

Methodology-Principal Findings

We developed five highly polymorphic microsatellites in R. venosa and applied them to identify multiple paternity in 19 broods 1381 embryos collected from Dandong, China. Multiple paternity was detected in 17 89.5% of 19 broods. The number of sires per brood ranged from 1 to 7 4.3 on average. Of the 17 multiply sired broods, 16 94.1% were significantly skewed from equal paternal contributions, and had a dominant sire which was also dominant in each assayed capsule.

Conclusions

Our results indicate that a high level of multiple paternity occurs in the wild population of R. venosa. Similar patterns of multiple paternity in the 2–6 assayed capsules from each brood imply that fertilization events within the body of a female occur mostly but not entirely as random draws from a -well-but-not-perfectly blended sperm pool- of her several mates. Strongly skewed distributions of fertilization success among sires also suggest that sperm competition and-or cryptic female choice might be important for post-copulatory paternity biasing in this species.



Author: Dongxiu Xue , Tao Zhang , Jin-Xian Liu

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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