Impact of Abnormal Serum Electrolyte Levels and Acid-Base Disorders on Clinical Outcomes among Maintenance Hemodialysis PatientsReport as inadecuate




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There has been a notablerise in the number of patients diagnosed with chronic kidney disease CKD overthe years across the world, with most cases subsequently leading to end-stagerenal failure. Hemodialysis HD remains one of the main treatments forend-stage renal disease ESRD worldwide. Despite improvements in dialysiscare, the mortality of patients with ESRD on maintenance hemodialysis ispersistently high. Abnormal levels of serum electrolytes, pre-and post-dialysis,and acid-base disorders have a crucial influence on clinical outcomes in HDpatients. In this review, we aim to discuss the different effects that serum electrolytelevels have on the prognosis of patients on maintenance hemodialysis, particularlysodium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus and bicarbonate.

KEYWORDS

Chronic Kidney Disease, End-Stage Renal Disease, Hemodialysis, Electrolyte, Acid-Base Disorder

Cite this paper

Guttee, V. , Nie, Y. , Wang, Y. and Ding, X. 2017 Impact of Abnormal Serum Electrolyte Levels and Acid-Base Disorders on Clinical Outcomes among Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients. Open Access Library Journal, 4, 1-13. doi: 10.4236-oalib.1103623.





Author: Vricksha Guttee1, Yuxin Nie1,2, Yimei Wang1,2,3,4, Xiaoqiang Ding1,2,3,4

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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