Overcoming Barriers to Uptake of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision in a Traditionally Circumcising Community in Machinga District, MalawiReport as inadecuate




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Introduction: Voluntary medical male circumcision VMMC reduces chances of contracting HIV during heterosexual intercourse in males, and risk of cervical cancer in their female sexual partners. However, its uptake among traditionally circumcising communities, where male circumcision carries a cultural significance, has not been studied. Previous research has focused on barriers to uptake of VMMC in non-circumcising communities. This study was conducted to determine socio-cultural barriers to VMMC uptake in order to identify culture-sensitive and evidence-based interventions to increase its uptake. Methodology: This exploratory mixed methods cross-sectional study generated quantitative data from 262 randomly sampled sexually active men; and qualitative data through four focus-group discussions with 58 purposely selected male participants and 10 key informants. Results: The study established that only 6.3% n = 15 of those circumcised 90.8%, n = 238 were circumcised in clinical setting. Limited access to VMMC services, cost, pain, being attended to by female providers and cultural influences were the major hindrances to uptake of VMMC. Conclusion: Although there is a paradigm shift of preference from traditional male circumcision to VMMC in this community, its uptake is low. The study recommends that besides introducing mobile VMMC services, the Ministry of Health should collaborate with traditional circumcisers and local leaders to provide gender-and-culture-sensitive safer medical male circumcision services.

KEYWORDS

VMMC, Medical Circumcision, Traditional Circumcision, Malawi, Uptake

Cite this paper

Masese, R. , Chimango, J. and Mbirimtengerenji, N. 2017 Overcoming Barriers to Uptake of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision in a Traditionally Circumcising Community in Machinga District, Malawi. World Journal of AIDS, 7, 40-58. doi: 10.4236-wja.2017.71005.





Author: Rodney J. Masese1, Jane L. Chimango1, Noel D. Mbirimtengerenji2

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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