Catheter Ablation of Idiopathic Premature Ventricular Contractions and Ventricular Tachycardias Originating from the Vicinity of Endocardial and Epicardial Mitral AnnulusReport as inadecuate




Catheter Ablation of Idiopathic Premature Ventricular Contractions and Ventricular Tachycardias Originating from the Vicinity of Endocardial and Epicardial Mitral Annulus - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Background

Several previous reports have revealed that idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias VAs, including premature ventricular contractions PVCs and ventricular tachycardias IVTs, can originate from endocardial mitral annulus ENDO MA. However, these data are limited to ENDO MA VAs, and little is known about the electrocardiographic ECG characteristics and the efficacy of radiofrequency catheter ablation RFCA via the coronary venous system for the VAs arising from the epicardial MA EPI MA.

Methodology-Principal Findings

Characteristics of body surface electrocardiogram and electrophysiologic recordings were analyzed in 21 patients with symptomatic PVCs-IVTs originating from the vicinity of MA. Among 597 patients with PVCs-IVTs, the incidence of VAs originating from the ENDO and EPI MA was 3.52% 21 cases. Eleven 52% from the ENDO MA, and 10 48% from the EPI MA. There were different characteristics of ECG of PVCs-VT originating from the ENDO and EPI MA. The prolonged pseudodelta wave time and intrinsicoid deflection time in lead V2 and the precordial maximum deflection index reliably differentiated EPI MA VAs from ENDO MA VAs with high sensitivity and specificity. Successful RFCA in 18 patients could be achieved 85.7% acute procedural success.

Conclusions-Significance

ECG characteristics of PVCs-VTs originating from the different portions of the MA are different, and can help regionalize the origin of these arrhythmias. RFCA within the coronary venous system was relatively effective and safe for the PVCs-IVTs and should be seen as an alternative approach, when the MA PVCs-IVTs could not be eliminated by RFCA from the endocardium.



Author: Li Yue-Chun, Zheng Cheng, Hong Jun, Cheng Jun-Hua, Zhao Jing-Lin, Lin Jia-Feng

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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