Identity Dynamics and Conflict in Collaborative Processes: The Case of Participatory Management of Protected Areas in BeninReport as inadecuate




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Theresearch reported in this paper investigated the role of identity constructionin the emergence and escalation of conflict in the participatory management ofprotected areas in Benin. The study shows that social identity salience wasdynamic and played an important role in the emergence and escalation ofconflict in the studied cases. Conflicts emerged when identities became salientas a result of the stakeholders’framing of contextual factors as a threat to their identity. The conflictsescalated when decisions and actions undertaken in the management process wereframed as top-down and as posing a threat to the identities of thestakeholders. We conclude that, although the government in the management ofthe protected areas introduced participation, unilateral decisions taken aboutthe way the conflicts should be managed caused disappointment and distrust, andthus led to a greater distance between the parties involved and to conflictescalation.

KEYWORDS

Participation, Social Identity, Conflict, Protected Areas, Benin

Cite this paper

Idrissou, L. , Aarts, N. , Leeuwis, C. , Leeuwis, C. and Van Paassen, A. 2016 Identity Dynamics and Conflict in Collaborative Processes: The Case of Participatory Management of Protected Areas in Benin. Journal of Environmental Protection, 7, 1981-2008. doi: 10.4236-jep.2016.713154.





Author: Latifou Idrissou1*, Noelle Aarts2, Cees Leeuwis3, Cees Leeuwis4, Annemarie Van Paassen4

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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