Acarbose Reduces Blood Glucose by Activating miR-10a-5p and miR-664 in Diabetic RatsReport as inadecuate




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MicroRNAs miRNAs are non-coding RNA molecules involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of a large number of genes, including those involved in glucose metabolism. Acarbose is an α-glucosidase inhibitor that improves glycemic control by decreasing the intestinal absorption of glucose, thereby decreasing the elevation of postprandial blood glucose. However, acarbose is poorly absorbed into the blood stream from the gut. Therefore, the exact mechanisms by which acarbose affects glucose metabolism are unclear. This study investigated the effect of acarbose on glucose metabolism in diabetic rats and tested the hypothesis that acarbose acts directly through miRNA-regulated expression in the intestinal epithelium. Rats were divided into four groups: a control group, a diabetic group DM, a low dose of acarbose group AcarL and a high dose of acarbose group AcarH. Ileum samples were analyzed using miRCURY LNA™ microRNA Array, qPCR and immunohistochemistry. We found that 8-week treatment with acarbose significantly decreased fasting blood glucose. Oral glucose tolerance tests OGTT showed that blood glucose was significantly reduced in the AcarL and AcarH groups at 30 min, 60 min and 120 min after oral glucose administration. We found that miR-151*, miR-10a-5p, miR-205, miR-17-5p, miR-145 and miR-664 were up-regulated in the AcarH group, while miR-541 and miR-135b were down-regulated. Through target gene analysis, real time PCR and immunohistochemistry verification, we found that these miRNAs suppressed the expression of proinflammatory cytokines IL6 interleukin 6 and TNF tumor necrosis factor and mitogen activated protein kinase 1 MAPK1. Our data suggest that acarbose can improve blood glucose in diabetic rats through the MAPK pathway and can down-regulate proinflammatory factors by activating miR-10a-5p and miR-664 in the ileum.



Author: Qian Zhang, Xinhua Xiao , Ming Li, Wenhui Li, Miao Yu, Huabing Zhang, Zhixin Wang, Hongding Xiang

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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