High-Frequency Stimulation of Nucleus Accumbens Changes in Dopaminergic Reward CircuitReport as inadecuate




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Deep brain stimulation DBS of the nucleus accumbens NAc is a potential remedial therapy for drug craving and relapse, but the mechanism is poorly understood. We investigated changes in neurotransmitter levels during high frequency stimulation HFS of the unilateral NAc on morphine-induced rats. Sixty adult Wistar rats were randomized into five groups: the control group administration of saline, the morphine-only group systematic administration of morphine without electrode implantation, the morphine-sham-stimulation group systematic administration of morphine with electrode implantation but not given stimulation, the morphine-stimulation group systematic administration of morphine with electrode implantation and stimulation and the saline-stimulation group administration of saline with electrode implantation and stimulation. The stimulation electrode was stereotaxically implanted into the core of unilateral NAc and microdialysis probes were unilaterally lowered into the ipsilateral ventral tegmental area VTA, NAc, and ventral pallidum VP. Samples from microdialysis probes in the ipsilateral VTA, NAc, and VP were analyzed for glutamate Glu and γ-aminobutyric acid GABA by high-performance liquid chromatography HPLC. The levels of Glu were increased in the ipsilateral NAc and VP of morphine-only group versus control group, whereas Glu levels were not significantly changed in the ipsilateral VTA. Furthermore, the levels of GABA decreased significantly in the ipsilateral NAc, VP, and VTA of morphine-only group when compared with control group. The profiles of increased Glu and reduced GABA in morphine-induced rats suggest that the presence of increased excitatory neurotransmission in these brain regions. The concentrations of the Glu significantly decreased while the levels of GABA increased in ipsilateral VTA, NAc, and VP in the morphine-stimulation group compared with the morphine-only group. No significant changes were seen in the morphine-sham stimulation group compared with the morphine-only group. These findings indicated that unilateral NAc stimulation inhibits the morphine-induced rats associated hyperactivation of excitatory neurotransmission in the mesocorticolimbic reward circuit.



Author: Na Yan , Ning Chen , Honghua Zhu, Jianguo Zhang, Moira Sim, Yu Ma , Wei Wang

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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