Site Suitability Evaluation for Sustainable Distribution of Hospital Using Spatial Information Technologies and AHP: A Case Study of Upper Egypt, Aswan CityReport as inadecuate




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Site selection forlocation of a hospital is one of the crucial policy-related decisions taken bythe government. In upper Egypt, the cities suffer from a shortage and bad distributionof hospital site. The selection of the appropriate hospital site requires considerationof multiple alternative solutions and evaluation factor. We develop a Multi-CriteriaDecision Support System MCDSS process that combines Geographical InformationSystem GIS analysis with Analytical Hierarchy Process AHP and use thisprocess to determine the optimum site for a new hospital in the Aswan urbanarea. Based on actual conditions Aswan city, we used three main factors andseven sub-factors. The main factors are urban, environmental and economicfactors. An application adopting AHP process was developed to calculate weightsof every factor. Spatial analysis in GIS was used to overlay and generatefactors maps and suitability evaluation map. All maps are classified from 1low suitable to 5 high suitable using spatial information technologies. Thecandidate sites are divided by best, good and unsuitable hospital areas. Besthospital site represents optimal sites; good hospital site can be used asback-up candidate sites. The study was found that best area S3 is about 30%,and most of these are located in the south part of the study area; good area S2 is about58%, and most of these are located in the central part of the study area; unsuitable area S1 isabout 12%, and most of these are located in the Eastern and Western parts ofthe study area. Finally, the study ends with an assessment of proposed sites.

KEYWORDS

Site Suitability Evaluation, Geographic Information System GIS, MCDSS, Hospital Sitting, Spatial Analysis

Cite this paper

Ahmed, A. , Mahmoud, H. and Aly, A. 2016 Site Suitability Evaluation for Sustainable Distribution of Hospital Using Spatial Information Technologies and AHP: A Case Study of Upper Egypt, Aswan City. Journal of Geographic Information System, 8, 578-594. doi: 10.4236-jgis.2016.85048.





Author: Asmaa H. Ahmed1, Hatem Mahmoud1, Abdel Monteleb M. Aly2

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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