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1 CPT - Centre de Physique Théorique - UMR 7332 2 CPT - E3 Cosmologie CPT - Centre de Physique Théorique - UMR 7332 3 ETH Zürich - Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich 4 IFIC - Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular 5 UCL IRMP - Institut de Recherche en Mathématiques et Physique

Abstract : In the framework of Born-Infeld inspired gravity theories, which deviates from General Relativity GR in the high curvature regime, we discuss the viability of Cosmic Inflation without scalar fields. For energy densities higher than the new mass scale of the theory, a gravitating dust component is shown to generically induce an accelerated expansion of the Universe. Within such a simple scenario, inflation gracefully exits when the GR regime is recovered, but the Universe would remain matter dominated. In order to implement a reheating era after inflation, we then consider inflation to be driven by a mixture of unstable dust species decaying into radiation. Because the speed of sound gravitates within the Born-Infeld model under consideration, our scenario ends up being predictive on various open questions of the inflationary paradigm. The total number of e-folds of acceleration is given by the lifetime of the unstable dust components and is related to the duration of reheating. As a result, inflation does not last much longer than the number of e-folds of deceleration allowing a small spatial curvature and large scale deviations to isotropy to be observable today. Energy densities are self-regulated as inflation can only start for a total energy density less than a threshold value, again related to the species- lifetime. Above this threshold, the Universe may bounce thereby avoiding a singularity. Another distinctive feature is that the accelerated expansion is of the superinflationary kind, namely the first Hubble flow function is negative. We show however that the tensor modes are never excited and the tensor-to-scalar ratio is always vanishing, independently of the energy scale of inflation.





Author: Jose Beltrán Jiménez - Lavinia Heisenberg - Gonzalo Olmo - Christophe Ringeval -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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