An Empirical Assessment of Marine Debris, Seawater Quality and Littering in GhanaReport as inadecuate




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Abaseline survey was carried out at four beaches along Ghana’s Accra-Temacoastline over a period of sixteen weeks to determine beach quality, seawaterquality and the perception of beach users towards littering. A total of 18,241items of marine debris which weighed 297.59 kg were collected. Plasticmaterials were the dominant debris, accounting for 63.72% of total debris.Land-based marine debris formed the largest proportion of debris collected93% of items-m2 and 85 kg-m2. Water quality analysisrevealed high mean levels of coliforms and E.coli above World Health Organization WHO levels on all four beachlocations. A social survey that targeted beach users and some stakeholders revealeda habit of littering and beach users as the main source of litter generation onGhana’s beaches. Intensive education, continuous monitoring and the enforcement ofappropriate policy initiatives remain vital to addressing beach and water quality issues along Ghana’scoastline.

KEYWORDS

Marine Debris, Accra-Tema Coastline, Ghana, Plastics, Seawater Quality, Littering Perception

Cite this paper

Van Dyck, I. , Nunoo, F. and Lawson, E. 2016 An Empirical Assessment of Marine Debris, Seawater Quality and Littering in Ghana. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 4, 21-36. doi: 10.4236-gep.2016.45003.





Author: Irene P. Van Dyck1*, Francis K. E. Nunoo2, Elaine T. Lawson1

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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