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Background: The goal of this study was to assess the prevalence of disordered eating and exercise dependence among elite and amateur endurance athletes, both male and female, and to find out whether there was an association between disordered eating and exercise addiction in these athletes. Methods: 1031 participants of major German endurance events 745 male, 286 female, 528 elite athletes and 503 hobby athletes with a mean age of 41.6 ± 10.7 years old completed a set of questionnaires, including the SCOFF questionnaire and the Exercise Addiction Inventory EAI. Results: A rate of 18.9% of the athletes surveyed were at risk for developing an eating disorder, slightly higher than that in the normal population, and 2.7% had the potential to develop an exercise addiction. There was a significant correlation between exercise addiction and eating disorders. No gender difference related to the probability of developing an eating disorder or an exercise addiction, nor a difference between elite or amateur athletes was found. Exercise addiction and eating disorders showed a significant correlation.

KEYWORDS

Athlete’s Triad, Running Addiction, Anorexia Athletica, Commitment to Running, Running, Cycling, Triathlon

Cite this paper

Zeulner, B. , Ziemainz, H. , Beyer, C. , Hammon, M. and Janka, R. 2016 Disordered Eating and Exercise Dependence in Endurance Athletes. Advances in Physical Education, 6, 76-87. doi: 10.4236-ape.2016.62009.





Author: Bernd Zeulner1, Heiko Ziemainz2, Christian Beyer3, Matthias Hammon4, Rolf Janka4

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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