Neighborhood Socioeconomic Circumstances and the Co-Occurrence of Unhealthy Lifestyles: Evidence from 206,457 Australians in the 45 and Up StudyReport as inadecuate




Neighborhood Socioeconomic Circumstances and the Co-Occurrence of Unhealthy Lifestyles: Evidence from 206,457 Australians in the 45 and Up Study - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Background

Research on the co-occurrence of unhealthy lifestyles has tended to focus mainly upon the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of individuals. This study investigated the relevance of neighborhood socioeconomic circumstance for multiple unhealthy lifestyles.

Method

An unhealthy lifestyle index was constructed for 206,457 participants in the 45 and Up Study 2006–2009 by summing binary responses on smoking, alcohol, physical activity and five diet-related variables. Higher scores indicated the co-occurrence of unhealthy lifestyles. Association with self-rated health, quality of life; and risk of psychological distress was investigated using multilevel logistic regression. Association between the unhealthy lifestyle index with neighborhood characteristics local affluence and geographic remoteness were assessed using multilevel linear regression, adjusting for individual-level characteristics.

Results

Nearly 50% of the sample reported 3 or 4 unhealthy lifestyles. Only 1.5% reported zero unhealthy lifestyles and 0.2% had all eight. Compared to people who scored zero, those who scored 8 the ‘unhealthiest’ group were 7 times more likely to rate their health as poor 95%CI 3.6, 13.7, 5 times more likely to report poor quality of life 95%CI 2.6, 10.1, and had a 2.6 times greater risk of psychological distress 95%CI 1.8, 3.7. Higher scores among men decreased with age, whereas a parabolic distribution was observed among women. Neighborhood affluence was independently associated with lower scores on the unhealthy lifestyle index. People on high incomes scored higher on the unhealthy lifestyle index if they were in poorer neighborhoods, while those on low incomes had fewer unhealthy lifestyles if living in more affluent areas.

Interpretation

Residents of deprived neighborhoods tend to report more unhealthy lifestyles than their peers in affluent areas, regardless of their individual demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Future research should investigate the trade-offs of population-level versus geographically targeted multiple lifestyle interventions.



Author: Xiaoqi Feng , Thomas Astell-Burt

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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